Last Meat Free Goodbye

During the course of this blog I learned a lot about vegetarianism,  had a chance to do all the research and learn more about my own beliefs and nutrition. I thought vegetarianism would be a simple thing to write about and something I was familiar enough with, but it turns out the sources I had could use a little revision; and there’s always going to be a growing debate and interest in this topic. I discovered in my searches how quickly misinformation can spread across the web, and always tried to be as true to the science as possible when writing these posts. A Recap of the articles for the week are:

1. To be or not to be a vegetarian – humorous article about the stigma surrounding vegetarianism in popular culture

2. All of these people are vegetarians. Yeah I didn’t know either – on famous people that are usually not mentioned as vegetarians

3. Reasons why people choose to be vegetarian: where Meat Comes from – explicit on the different meat industries producing our food

4. Lab Created Meat will be available soon. How Will vegetarians react to it? – on the progress of in vitro meat and how it affects vegetarian ethics

5. Eating Well on a Vegetarian Diet – on vegetarian nutrition and common deficiencies

6. Are Humans Made to be Vegetarians? – on the debate whether human anatomy declares us as more similar to herbivores

7. Imposed Vegetarian Diets – on experiences of people raised as vegetarian or vegan

It’s been a great experience. I hope the posts I’ve written will serve for people looking to learn more on the subject, and about their own beliefs. I hope to continue posting critically on other subjects in the future. Till next time!


Imposed Vegetarian Diets

Parents want whats best for their children, and a vegan or vegetarian diet they choose to be best for themselves for many parents is ideal. There are adolescents who complain of the diets their parents choose for them. Here we’ll explore the effects and ethics of imposed vegetarianism and veganism.


Are humans made to be vegetarians?

Artist Rendition of the Hunting of a Mammoth.

We’re used to hearing about our as hunter-gatherers. We also have cultural evidence such as the cave drawings depicting scenes of hunting. Despite this, there is a growing debate whether human beings’ anatomy resembles more a herbivore and therefore we are made to be vegetarians.


Eating Well on a Vegetarian Diet

Most people usually wonder when they hear someone’s a vegetarian: How do you get enough protein? If they know that animal products also contribute B-12, omegas, iron, among other nutrients, they really start to worry about vegetarians’ health. However, various government and live human proof demonstrate it’s possible to thrive on a vegetarian diet.

The reviewed Nutritional Pyramid. As we can see, meat is the least emphasized category.

Vegetarian Nutrition Pyramid. Meat has been replaced with legumes and soy.









Americans consume at least 142% the recommended daily amount of protein; as this study published in The American Society for Clinical Nutrition demonstrated. In various studies, eating red meat has been linked to heart diseases and cancer. Aside from the negativity surrounding meat production, you may wish to reduce your meat consumption for moral or health reasons. Below you can find typical guides to protein sources.


The recommended daily average is around .8-1 g/kg body weight. This means if you weigh 150 pounds, or 68kg, your recommended average would be 55g of protein per day.

By the way, this is what 3 oz of meat looks like.

1 cup of milk… a 3-ounce piece of meat…1 cup of dry beans…an 8-ounce container of yogurt…Added together, just these four sources would meet the protein needs of an adult male (56 grams). This doesn’t count all the other foods that add smaller amounts of protein to his diet.

        -Choose My, How much Protein do I need?


You can find protein from beans and legumes, peanut butter, rice and beans, whole wheat bread and many other vegetable products. All 9 essential aminoacids are present in animal protein, in contrast to plant proteins which mostly contain some of the 9 aminoacids. Vegetarian diets usually recommend combining plant foods in order to get all 9 aminoacids, although it’s debated whether this is really necessary. Bodybuilders are usually the ones that guide themselves by this principle because lacking an aminoacid is said to inhibit metabolism.


Yes. Plants have protein.

This article lists the beans and legumes with the most protein. It’s a complete list with protein amount and serving necessary. This is also a good chart.

Traditional complete protein sources include:

Protein amount in traditional foods.

Rice and Beans

Peanut Butter on Whole Wheat Bread

Potato with Broccoli and Cheese

Whole Wheat Pasta Alfredo With Vegetables





Other Nutritional Needs

Depending on the type,  up to 64% of vegetarians and 92% of vegans can suffer from B12 deficiency. This is due to the fact that B12 is mostly found in animal foods. However, up to 40% of non-vegetarians suffer from b12 deficiency, so this is  a general population problem. So much so, that mandatory fortification of food with B12 has been considered. In my research I’ve found that it’s very difficult to obtain B12 from plant based sources, so much so that an article in goes into detail about it. Where do vegetarians get their B12 then? Those who consume dairy products can get it from Milk, Eggs and Cheese where B12 is found. Vegans however, must take it from supplements or B12 enriched foods. Supplements are typically recommended for everyone, meat eater or not, so that attacks this problem.

Plant-Based sources of Iron.

Another common problem vegetarians and vegans may face is an iron deficiency because the most absorb-able source of iron is found in animal sources. It’s almost recommended that vegans consume 1.8 times the recommended amount of Iron to compensate for this. Good plant sources of Iron include beans such as chickpeas, potatoes, broccoli, green peppers, pasta rice, etc. Dried beans and dark green leafy vegetables are especially good sources of iron, even better on a per calorie basis than meat. The Vegetarian Resource Group has a great article on vegetarian sources of Iron.

Plant-based sources of calcium.

Calcium is found in dark green vegetables, soy and fruits. Vegetarians and vegas can have lower levels of calcium than omnivores. An article in titled Why you Should Think Twice about Vegetarian and Vegan Diets arguments that it takes multiple servings of plant based calcium to obtain the amount of absorbable calcium in a glass of milk. However, soy milk and juices contain very high levels of absorbable calcium. And many calcium enriched foods are part of vegan diets.  The vegetarian Resource Group has an article on Calcium in the vegan diet and recommends eating calcium rich foods or taking supplements if necessary.

Want to Eat Less Meat?

If you’d like to reduce your meat consumption but aren’t ready for a full transition yet, you might try skipping a meat meal once a week. A great movement, Meatless Monday provides recipes, and information and also the impact of your decision and its benefits.

If you’re interested in starting out as a vegetarian, you can try the following resources:, The Vegetarian Resource Group, and in Spanish UPRM’s Campus Verde. Among many, many others.

You can also try and A begginner’s guide to vegetarianism.



Lab created meat will be available soon. How will vegetarians react to it?

Illustration of 3D printed meat

3D printers, in the last year have gotten a big boom. Widely used in industry, academic and even available for personal consumption; they’re used for design and prototyping, and products such as toys, jewelry or keychains. Little known to the public, it’s also been used to develop biological tissues. (more…)

Reasons why people choose to be vegetarian: Where meat comes from. WARNING: GRUESOME.

right to know meat
According to a study by Vegetarian times, 54% of vegetarians cite animal welfare as a reason for becoming vegetarian.  A report by the FDA, that meat sold contains up to 27% contamination from salmonella and 87% E. Coli.

Results of FDA analysis of meat samples.

Results of FDA analysis of meat sampled across the US.


Many of us don’t know where our food comes from and we can’t advocate for it. I bring to you the following compendium of how meat is raised.


To be or not to be a vegetarian

Think of someone you know who’s a vegetarian. Many of them do it for health reasons, including allergies or high cholesterol, some because they believe in animal rights or the environment. Some are criticized claiming to be a vegetarian for the wrong reasons such as moral superiority, or mixing nutrition with others such as religion, animal rights, environmental concern, etc. Some might resist being a vegetarian/vegan or admitting they are one because they get a lot of bad rep in popular culture, like for example in this hilarious how I met your mother video: “I wish I could tune out that moral voice inside me that says eating animals is murder but, I guess I’m just not as strong as you are” Ted: “That’s cause you need protein.”



For the next 7 days, this blog will be a Battleground

Hello everyone, from now until a week, I’ll be writing daily entries related to vegetarianism. I’ll be posting not only about my experience, maybe throw in a recipe or to, but to look at it from a critical standpoint and present arguments in favor and opposing, stories, humor, nutritional facts and research studies. I’m a vegetarian myself, and am always looking to learn more about food. Also, I welcome learning and discussing different perspectives, and reviewing my beliefs. Doing research for these blog posts will help me stay up to date in what’s been done in nutritional research and also areas of opportunity.

I want to reach people who are lost in all the arguments and misinformation regarding vegetarianism. Since is it an argument that falls along with other such as global warming, conspiracy theories and liberalism, I want to propose a neutral space to converse about the topic. I welcome also people who are interested in learning about our food systems, about the different nutritional options, who have a sense of humor, and anyone who’s interested in contributing.

INGL3268 Introduction

Hello world, my name’s Anned. I’m currently taking the course Digital Writing for the Media at the University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez. I’m an Industrial Engineering undergrad with almost no experience in blogging and coding aside from course requirements. Also, I’m a bit shy and have zero experience in web development; Looking forward to developing my skills and writing footprint as the course evolves over the summer.